Are there any Specific Accessibility Standards or Guidelines should follow to Make Website Inclusive to all User?

Jul 31, 2023By Vishal K
Vishal K

Introduction

When designing a website, it is important to ensure that it is accessible to all users, regardless of their abilities or disabilities. This means considering the needs of individuals with visual, auditory, cognitive, or physical impairments. To make a website inclusive to all users, there are specific accessibility standards and guidelines that should be followed.

WCAG 2.0 and 2.1

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 and 2.1 are internationally recognized standards that provide guidance on making web content more accessible. These guidelines cover a wide range of accessibility issues, including perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust content.

Perceivable

Perceivable content ensures that users can perceive and understand the information presented on a website. This includes providing alternative text for images, captions for videos, and text alternatives for non-text content.

Operable

Operable content ensures that users can navigate and interact with the website. This includes providing keyboard accessibility, allowing users to pause or stop moving content, and providing sufficient time for users to read and interact with the content.

Understandable

Understandable content ensures that users can comprehend the information presented on a website. This includes using clear and simple language, organizing content in a logical manner, and providing instructions and error messages that are easy to understand.

Robust

Robust content ensures that the website can be interpreted by a wide range of user agents, including assistive technologies. This includes using standard HTML markup, providing proper headings and semantic structure, and ensuring compatibility with different browsers and devices.

Additional Guidelines

In addition to WCAG, there are other guidelines that can help make a website more inclusive. These include:

  • Providing a skip navigation link to allow users to bypass repetitive content and go directly to the main content of the page.
  • Ensuring that form inputs have clear labels and instructions, and providing error messages that are easy to understand.
  • Using color contrast that is sufficient for users with visual impairments to read the content.
  • Designing responsive websites that adapt to different screen sizes and orientations.

Conclusion

By following specific accessibility standards and guidelines, you can make your website inclusive to all users. Ensuring that your website is perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust will help individuals with disabilities access and interact with your content. Remember to consider additional guidelines and best practices to further enhance the accessibility of your website. Together, we can create a more inclusive online experience for everyone.